Thanks Juan Pablo. And good afternoon girls and gents. My because of AthenaLab for internet hosting right this moment’s occasion and to you all for giving your time and a spotlight to hitch us right this moment. I converse to you from the British Residence right here in Santiago. Despite the fact that we can not maintain this occasion in particular person, I’m glad that we’re nonetheless in a position to meet and that AthenaLab remains to be in a position to proceed its vital enterprise of exploring the important thing geo-political and strategic points that concern us all.
Right this moment is the primary of what I hope is for me, a lot of engagements with AthenaLab and with you all, its energetic and engaged group in Chile and internationally.
I wish to use right this moment’s session to speak to you about my authorities’s Built-in Overview of Safety, Defence, Improvement and Overseas Coverage, entitled “World Britain in a Aggressive Age”, probably the most complete evaluate of the UK’s abroad coverage for the reason that chilly battle.
Printed in March, and produced beneath the course of our Prime Minister, the evaluate units out the UK’s worldwide technique for this decade and past. It goals to offer a clear-eyed evaluation of the UK’s capabilities, and the alternatives and the threats that we face on the planet right this moment and tomorrow.
The product of over a yr’s work throughout authorities and of session with an enormous vary of exterior organisations and thinkers, the evaluate affords our imaginative and prescient of the UK’s function on the planet by means of to 2030 and the motion we are going to take at residence and with different international locations, together with right here in Chile, to make sure that we’re stronger, safer and extra affluent in a extra aggressive age.
A month after the evaluate’s publication, I hope you’ll have all had the possibility to learn its some 111 pages. However whether or not you’ve learn the evaluate or not, I hope you can find right this moment helpful as I develop on what this new foundational textual content means for Britain’s relationship with the world and the way its findings will form the function the UK performs on the worldwide stage.
Britain’s place on the planet
I needed to start with the important undeniable fact that the fortunes of the British persons are, inextricably interlinked with occasions world wide. With restricted pure assets, we now have all the time earned our dwelling as a maritime, buying and selling nation. In 2019, because the fifth largest financial system on the planet, the UK offered items and companies abroad price £690 billion—absolutely a 3rd of our gross home product—sustaining hundreds of thousands of jobs and livelihoods throughout the UK, and connecting our financial system to very practically each different market on the planet.
In fact, that outward, liberal, free buying and selling perspective is why we take pleasure in such a detailed and historic relationship with you right here in Chile, in addition to throughout Latin America. Regardless of the pandemic, in 2020 the UK-Chile bilateral buying and selling relationship was price over £1.6 billion. Chile stays our third largest buying and selling accomplice within the area.
That world perspective sits on the coronary heart of the idea of World Britain, a phrase that you’ll hear rather a lot right this moment and that options prominently within the Built-in Overview. It’s an expression that goals to seize the worldwide nature of the UK’s outlook as a folks and as a rustic, tied to our historical past and to our future on the planet.
As we glance out on the world, on the strategic context we now function in, we see important challenges and threats, with three harmful and dominating developments rising.
The primary is the fraying of the world order that grew up after the Second World Warfare and that appeared stronger than ever only a technology in the past. Right this moment, democracy is, it’s truthful to say, beneath stress. We see growing competitors between states over pursuits, norms and values, with authoritarian states and malign actors searching for to undermine the democratic techniques and openness that underpin our lifestyle.
In reality, this decade, the mixed GDP of autocratic regimes is predicted to exceed the mixed GDP of the world’s democracies. Tyranny might be richer than freedom. And that issues to us in the UK, and to you right here in Chile and in different democracies internationally, as a result of we all know steady, freedom-respecting, democracies are a lot much less prone to go to battle, to accommodate terrorists or to set off massive scale flows of immigration. Democracies are typically simpler to commerce with and simpler to co-operate with to resolve our shared issues.
The second pattern is the rise of latest threats. We’ve all develop into used to speaking about uneven warfare since 11 September however know-how, twisted to perverse causes, is creating harmful new weapons and enabling methods to assault us that fall in need of armed battle.
As the UK, we all know this all too properly. Three years in the past final month, the Russian state used a chemical weapon in Salisbury, killing an harmless British citizen, and bringing worry to a tranquil British metropolis. On the identical time states, terrorist teams and felony gangs are exploiting know-how to prey on our houses, our companies and our infrastructure.
The third pattern of our instances is probably probably the most harmful. That’s the rise of what we will solely think about as probably existential threats. Threats to our civilisation, threats to massive swathes of the world’s inhabitants, and even threats to our planet itself.
We will all see how COVID has proven simply how interconnected all of us are within the fashionable world. We face too the opportunity of catastrophic local weather change. And we see nuclear weapons know-how proliferating, and a really actual danger that it may fall into the fingers of people that can’t be reasoned with.
Regardless of all these threats, we don’t consider we must always wallow in despair or frustration. Slightly, we consider there are highly effective causes to really feel optimistic concerning the future. For the UK but additionally for Chile, for the broader Latin American area and the world.
Our fraying worldwide order will be repaired and bolstered. We will counter these new threats and these new challenges, as we now have proven throughout this pandemic, by means of the collaboration of scientists to innovate new vaccines and of governments to strengthen equitable entry to them.
We will display that the advantages of liberal democracies and free markets are the very best mannequin for the social and financial development of humankind. We will form the norms that govern new know-how to make sure we profit whereas sustaining our safety and freedoms. And we will guarantee international locations work collectively to deal with the most important world challenges.
We consider Britain has a central, driving, function to play in all of this, working with our pals and allies, with international locations that share our core convictions, akin to Chile.
The primary precedence rising out of the evaluate is to develop and nurture the UK’s capability for scientific and technological innovation in pursuit of sustaining and rising the UK’s strategic benefit. The speedy tempo of change in know-how is reworking elements of all our lives, basically reshaping our financial system and society.
So the evaluate units out how the UK will harness our present comparative benefit in tech and science to stake new floor as a science super-power and as a accountable and democratic cyber-power, to strengthen each our home prosperity and our worldwide relationships.
To do that, we’re growing our authorities funding in superior science and know-how analysis to 2.4 p.c of the UK’s GDP; we are going to make investments £800 million to arrange a brand new superior analysis and invention company that can again “breakthrough” know-how; and we now have established a Nationwide Cyber Defence Power able to delivering offensive cyber operations
Our second strategic precedence might be to double down on the UK’s post-Brexit, pioneering, strategic method to free commerce.
That’s the reason since leaving the European Union, the UK has agreed commerce offers with 67 international locations, together with Chile, in addition to the EU, and that’s the reason we now have launched the UK’s negotiations to hitch the Complete and Progressive Settlement for Trans-Pacific Partnership.
We’re happy that the Chilean authorities helps the UK’s accession to the treaty. Becoming a member of the £9 trillion free commerce pact would strengthen the UK’s entry to key, fashionable economies, akin to Chile’s, and create new alternatives for future industries like tech and digital companies, knowledge, and renewable vitality.
And alongside our efforts to achieve new markets, the evaluate units out how we are going to work to strengthen the worldwide buying and selling system and replace the worldwide regulatory surroundings, particularly on the surroundings, companies and digital sector. We’re dedicated to unblocking protectionism, to unleash the ability of world free commerce to assist the world bounce again stronger, and bounce again greener, from the financial affect of the pandemic.
Investing in each our science and know-how experience and our financial resilience are important components of the third strategic precedence articulated within the evaluate, which is our safety.
The UK has determined to speculate an additional £24 billion in defence over the subsequent 4 years, permitting the wholesale modernisation of the UK’s armed forces, restoring Britain’s place because the foremost naval energy in Europe and taking ahead the renewal of our nuclear deterrent.
Later this yr, HMS Queen Elizabeth, the Royal Navy’s flagship plane provider will embark on her maiden deployment, main a provider strike group on a 20,000-mile voyage to the Indo-Pacific and again, exercising with Britain’s allies and companions alongside the way in which and demonstrating the significance that we connect to freedom of the seas.
We are going to spend practically £7 billion over subsequent 4 years in defence-related analysis and growth. Via the UK’s Nationwide Cyber Safety Centre, and our partnerships with enterprise, we are going to stay a world-leader in cyber-security. And thru the UK’s new Nationwide Cyber Power, we’re investing to remain forward of the unholy alliance of hostile states and felony gangs that prey on our PCs, tablets and our cell phones, to steal, to spy or to unfold lies.
We are going to proceed too to adapt to satisfy the frankly predatory opportunism of states akin to Russia, Iran, North Korea and a few others.
The fourth and last strategic precedence is for the UK to step ahead as a drive for good on the planet.
From COVID to the specter of local weather change, it has by no means been plainer that the UK’s nationwide curiosity is inextricably certain up in tackling the worldwide challenges that contact us all. We consider that as a authorities that we will, and we must always, assist alleviate the worst struggling on the planet, that we now have an ethical duty and an indivisible stake in our planet, and the broader circumstances of peace and stability that underpin them. So we’re decided that the UK will be part of our pals to make sure that free societies flourish, sharing the dangers and burdens of addressing the world’s hardest issues.
We see that clearly within the UK’s dedication to strengthening the worldwide response to the Covid pandemic. The UK is the world’s main contributor to the worldwide vaccine alliances working flat out to defeat Covid-19, contributing £548 million in the direction of COVAX, the worldwide mechanism designed to make sure equitable, truthful and speedy entry to Covid-19 vaccines and £1.6 billion in the direction of Gavi,. We do that not solely to behave on our sense of equity but additionally as a result of we all know that on this world we is not going to be protected till everyone seems to be protected.
That very same dedication to equity and to justice means that we are going to proceed to help open societies and defend human rights. The UK has lead the worldwide group’s condemnation of the army coup in Myanmar, swiftly introducing sanctions focusing on army figures for critical human rights violations. We are going to proceed too to guide the worldwide group in expressing our profound concern over China’s mass detention of the Uyghur folks in Xinjiang province and to induce China to uphold its freely assumed worldwide human rights obligations. And it’s why we now have even have supplied a spot—a refuge and abode —to three million Hong Kong Chinese language who could also be in worry of persecution because of what is occurring in Hong Kong.
To conclude, and as we glance forward, 2021 affords us, as the UK, a singular alternative to redefine and re-establish the Nice Britain’s place on the planet. We maintain the Presidency of the G7. And we are going to succeed Chile as we tackle the Presidency of the twenty sixth UN Local weather Change Convention in November. Our departure from the EU has supplied us a singular alternative to rethink many elements of our home and overseas coverage, constructing on present friendships but additionally wanting additional afield.
The Built-in Overview units out how we are going to go about doing that. With the additional funding and new capabilities it offers, we consider United Kingdom can thrive in an ever extra aggressive world and fulfil our historic mission as a drive for good, maximising the alternatives for the UK but additionally inspiring others to comply with us in standing up for what is true.
I sit up for listening to your reflections and to persevering with the dialogue. Again to you Juan Pablo.