Historical past has proved that globalization is an irreversible development. The technological revolution is profoundly reshaping the world’s socioeconomic improvement and binding communities in a “world village”. Nonetheless, whereas globalization has introduced big financial advantages to the world, by bettering the distribution of manufacturing components resembling expertise and capital, the ever-worsening local weather disaster necessitates all international locations work out new options to curb the temperature rise and supply higher environmental governance.
Though world power consumption dropped by 4 % in 2020 because of the COVID-19 pandemic, resulting in decrease carbon emissions, the development of rising CO2 emissions stays unchanged.
World warming is having big impacts worldwide. Excessive climate occasions are more and more affecting human society. The importance of a united response to local weather change and pure disasters was realized way back, as evidenced by the adoption of the Kyoto Protocol in 1997 and the signing of the Paris Settlement on local weather change in 2016. However the concerted efforts to fight local weather change have encountered main setbacks over the previous few years because of the US withdrawing from the Paris Settlement, the outbreak of the novel coronavirus, and the ensuing political and financial turbulences. It’s excessive time all international locations as soon as once more rallied collectively to struggle in opposition to local weather change.
The globalization of commerce has pushed international locations to open their doorways wider and provides their comparative benefits full play, in order to realize extra financial advantages. It has additionally facilitated the stream and distribution of manufacturing components resembling expertise, capital and knowledge. Developed international locations, with their large multinationals, occupy the medium－and higher-end of the worldwide worth chain, whereas growing international locations are primarily on the decrease finish doing the manufacturing, assembling and processing. Subsequently, developed nations profit essentially the most and play a dominant function in world commerce.
Growing international locations are being pressured to bear the strain for decreasing emissions transferred from developed nations on account of their decrease standing within the world industrial chain. Whereas the inhabitants within the developed nations is relatively small, they emit one-third of the overall CO2 emissions.
Totally different teams would possibly disagree on globalization however they need to agree that the connection between globalization and the struggle in opposition to local weather change must be mutually useful.
Local weather change and excessive climate occasions are an existential risk to all. Each nation has to play its half within the world struggle in opposition to local weather change.
All international locations ought to benefit from globalization to assist the worldwide response to local weather change. World commerce has introduced human beings collectively as an inseparable complete and helped construct the consensus of a neighborhood with a shared future for humankind. Commerce globalization presents a platform for spreading and sharing know-how, which may enhance international locations’ analysis and innovation in power conservation and emissions discount applied sciences.
Developed nations ought to take the lead in exploring and sharing new applied sciences, and growing international locations ought to proactively combine into world commerce and try for inexperienced improvement whereas pursuing financial progress.
Subsequently, addressing local weather change and realizing inexperienced improvement require extra opening-up and collaboration, not much less.
All international locations’ carbon emissions and financial actions contribute to local weather change and carbon emissions will not be sure by borders. In recent times, some international locations have suffered big losses due to rising sea ranges and excessive climate occasions brought on by local weather change. Worldwide organizations such because the United Nations have taken steps to reinforce world cooperation within the struggle in opposition to local weather change. Nonetheless, a current UN report exposes the large hole between what has been achieved and what must be achieved.
Due to protectionism and the disparity in financial improvement, there’s a outstanding hole in realizing emissions reductions by way of multilateral cooperation. In addition to, within the quest for fast urbanization, growing nations are obliged to stability environmental safety and financial progress. So developed nations ought to assist growing nations to develop in a sustainable approach.
The world economic system has expanded quickly over the previous few a long time due to the deepened worldwide division of labor. But, protectionism has been on the rise throughout the identical interval whereas the danger of anti-globalization is accumulating. These are hindering world cooperation within the struggle in opposition to local weather change, in addition to China’s shift to a inexperienced financial progress. By aiming for carbon neutrality earlier than 2060 and a inexperienced Belt and Street Initiative, China is ready to extend contributions to the worldwide response to local weather change.
Simply as commerce globalization optimizes useful resource allocation worldwide and will increase the advantages for all contributors by way of the division of labor, the worldwide response to local weather change optimizes the allocation of fresh assets all over the world. Regardless of China’s efforts to advertise clear power in recent times, the consumption of fresh power accounts for less than 25 % of its complete power use. If the present system of worldwide division of labor is impaired, the power consumption and power construction of various international locations will change and will result in higher reliance on home assets. On this case, the worldwide dialogue and cooperation on local weather change will lower, whereas as a worldwide situation, local weather change must be addressed by all members of the worldwide neighborhood.
Though completely different international locations and areas have their very own financial and political pursuits, world collaboration and coordination is important within the struggle in opposition to local weather change. In recent times, the conflicts contained in the developed world have accrued, resulting in a rising anti-globalization sentiment. The anti-globalization development in commerce has already harmed the worldwide division of labor system and impeded the worldwide dialogue and coordination in response to local weather change.
However, the globalization of local weather motion is an inevitable development and lays the inspiration for worldwide dialogue and collaboration. As a significant participant in world commerce and a promoter of commerce globalization, China ought to advocate for world cooperation within the response in opposition to local weather change, and enhance coordinated local weather motion by way of commerce globalization.
The writer is director of the China Institute for Research in Vitality Coverage at Xiamen College. The writer contributed this text to China Watch, a assume tank powered by China Every day. The views don’t essentially mirror these of China Every day.
Supply: China Every day